Home to one of the oldest known civilisations, Egypt is most famously known for Pharaohs, Mummies and the Pyramids. Even Pepsi cans have pyramids on them.
Not far from Cairo, the huge pyramids of Giza have long been Egypt's hallmark. A true engineering feat, to this day no one can figure out how the pyramids were built. The Sphinx is equally impressive. Much less impressive are the Pizza Hut and KFC spoiling this ancient site. Not to mention, we were constantly harassed by locals trying to sell things/services, rejection is not exactly understood.
Home to the magnificent temple of Abu Simbel, the entrance of this grand temple is made up of four enormous statues of Pharaoh Ramses who built them as a dedication to the gods Amun, Ra, Ptah, as well as to the deified Ramses himself.
Luxor was once the capital of Ancient Egypt, when the city was named Thebes. As such the city is a treasure trove of ancient sites. The main attraction, the Valley of the Kings, is hidden away in the mountains. It's where Pharaohs were buried in chambers carved deep in the mountains because pyramids were too obvious.
Aswan is a bustling market town in the south. It's worth a visit to wander around the stalls and sail the Nile river on feluccas to see Nubian villages, old style agriculture and crocodiles. Unlike Cairo or Luxor, no one is hassling you to buy stuff, it's very laid back.
Marsa Alam is a small seaside town in the south of Egypt, located along the beautiful coastline of the Red Sea. It's full of hotel resorts but is not as touristy as other parts of the Red Sea.
Cairo is a frenetic metropolis that is rich in history. It's very crowded, polluted and full of terrible drivers. It's impossible to be both Egyptian and a normal driver. One of the best experience was being in driven around in a tuktuk by a 10 year old boy through the narrow streets of the bustling Khan el Khalili market. Be prepared for a lot of skulduggery around Tahrir square, One thing I've learned there is that if a random guy says to you "hey, you look Egyptian", it's never a good sign.