Oil and gas have made Qatar the richest country in the world - so rich they even pretended to know something about soccer just so that they can host the world cup in 2022.
Doha is a combination of modern and traditional buildings, with a large expat population. There's a big building boom, a walk along the waterfront promenade, the Corniche, shows glass and steel towers rising like an artificial forest from what was once a shoreline of flat sand. Large expensive shopping malls have also sprung up in recent years. For a more traditional Arabian shopping experience there's Souq Waqif, a replica since the original souq was torn down and rebuilt to look old. Downtown is a ghost town during the afternoons, but everything comes alive in the cool evenings when all the shops are open and the streets are full of people.